How much is Capital Gain Tax on the Sale of a Home?

Every individual and corporation pays federal income tax to the government on selling homes and other properties. This capital gain tax is calculated based on the difference between purchasing and selling prices.

These taxes have two categories depending on the year you held the property: long-term gain and short-term gain. In the former, the value of an asset can increase every year, but you have to pay tax only when the asset is sold.

If you are also planning to sell your home, you must be aware of capital gain tax implications. If you know these rules, you can significantly reduce the gain taxes on your residence by fulfilling several federal requirements. Hence, you can remarkably benefit yourself financially if you have a strong grip on these laws.

Keep reading the article, and we will tell you how you can calculate capital gain tax on your home and resident in different scenarios. Furthermore, we will also see several exceptions to these rules and tell you a few tricks to reduce capital gain tax at home.


How to calculate it?

You can calculate capital gain tax based on the difference in purchase and selling prices. For example, if you bought a house for $10,000 five years ago and sell it for $50,000 now, you have to pay tax on the $40,000 profit.

However, you can exclude different costs on home renovations, the commission you paid to sell the house, and other working expenses. Let us see different cases to calculate tax gains on selling your home.

See also  What to consider when borrowing for property tax loans?

First of all, you should see whether you have to pay short-term tax and long-term tax. If you buy a home and sell it within a year due to a sudden rise in prices or any other situation, you have to pay the same tax as your income tax.

However, if you live in a home for more than one year, you get several exemptions in tax based on different scenarios.

If you are a single or married person but file tax individually, you do not need to pay any tax unless your real estate profit exceeds $250,000. However, if you are a married person and file tax jointly, you will get tax exclusion up to $500,000 of the real estate profit. 

Furthermore, if you file tax jointly with your spouse and your yearly income is less than $80,000, you don’t have to pay tax. However, if your income falls between $80,000 and $441,500, you will pay 15% tax to the government. If your income is, even more, you will pay 20% tax.

But if you file it individually, you will get a tax exemption if your income is less than $44,400/year. Nevertheless, if your income falls between $44,401 and $445,850, you will pay 15% to the government. In comparison, if you are earning more than $445,850/year, you will pay 20% to the government.

➡LEARN MORE: “I Want To Buy Your House” Sample Letter Template

Exceptions to the laws

There are few exceptions to these laws. For example, if you pass through some unforeseen circumstances before owning the home, such as loss in business, divorce, or natural disaster, the Internal Revenue Service (IRS) will allow you to prorate the exclusion.

See also  What to do if my lease is up and I have nowhere to go?

Furthermore, if you lived in a house less than 12 months since the purchase, you can exclude up to $250,000 of the gain from the taxes (if you file tax jointly). Adjustment in homes can also reduce tax significantly if you have payment slips.

Final words

If you are going to sell your home, you must know the capital gain tax details to reduce the taxes. However, understanding it thoroughly requires some effort. But don’t worry! We have tried to explain these rules in simple words and cover every case that you can face while selling your home.

Furthermore, we have also discussed several exemptions to capital gain laws and ways to reduce the tax you can check above.

That is all from today’s tutorial. If you are still getting any difficulty calculating the gain tax on residents, feel free to contact us for any help!